What is 4WD and How Does It Work?

November 11th, 2014 by

2014_jeep_cherokee- Jeep Dealer in Miami

If you’re looking for an extremely capable vehicle for handling rough roads, uneven terrain, or intense off-roading, then a Jeep dealer in Miami is the right place to look.

Jeeps have been engineered to excel where other cars simply can’t hack it. And an important part of a Jeep’s abilities come from its four-wheel-drive (4WD) system.

But there are some essentials that you should know before opting for a vehicle with 4WD. Here are some basics to help you get started.

First of all, it’s important to know what a 4WD system does. Driving on pavement is pretty easy for your vehicle. Most of the time it has no problem maintaining traction because the surface is even, and it’s not usually slippery.

However, when you take your vehicle off-road, you’re dealing with different surfaces. Sometimes it can be hard for your wheels to gain enough traction to keep moving forward.

Now in a regular car, the engine will send torque, or twisting force, down the path of least resistance to your wheels. If one is spinning in slippery mud and can’t get traction, the engine will inevitably send all the power its way.

And that can get you even more stuck. So this is where 4WD comes in. A 4WD transmission system uses two differentials and a transfer case to send power to all four wheels.

That way the tires that do have traction can help get you moving again when you’re in a tough spot. Makes sense, right? It definitely does if you’re going to be hitting the trails or venturing off the pavement on the regular.

However, it’s good to keep in mind that there are a lot of other systems that work together to help you navigate obstacles effectively. Some people make the unfortunate mistake of assuming that they can go just about anywhere with 4WD alone.

Consider your driving habits and plans. Are you aiming for occasional trail exploration or frequent deep woods adventuring?

If you compare your needs to the various models and trim levels Jeep has available, you’ll be able to find just the right one for you.